Early drought resistant variety
- Fact: Variety responds well to heat and sunlight. But at the same time tolerates cold weather.
- Fact 2: The height of outdoor plants is 50 cm or more. They do not need to tie up, put props under the branches. Hothouse - up to 120 cm.
- Fact 3: A lot of greenhouse tomatoes are always a little more. They ripen with brushes of 5-6 pieces.
- Fact 4: With proper care and favorable conditions, the plant will begin to bear fruit in early July. The last tomatoes can be removed from the bush in late August.
a brief description of
- Where to grow: unprotected and closed ground
- Bush height, cm: from 50 to 120
- Vegetation period, days: 85–95
- Productivity, kg from 1 m 2: 8–12 (depending on growing conditions)
- Fruit weight, g: 150–250
- Application: sale, processing, juice production, fresh consumption, preservation
- late blight immunity,
- resistance to cold and frost,
- good presentation
- Disadvantages: fewer and more fruits when grown in open ground.
“Super prize” is a real find for summer residents living in regions with a changeable or severe climate. Variety responds well to heat and sunlight. But at the same time tolerates cold weather.
Bush refers to the determinant type. It does not need to be formed into several stems or staving. Gives the harvest quickly and together. The height of outdoor plants is 50 cm or more. They do not need to tie up, put props under the branches. Hothouse - up to 120 cm. Long stems are better fixed on the trellis.
Early ripening times protect against late blight - a fungal disease that affects the aboveground parts of the plant. "Superpriz" unpretentious in the care and versatile to use.
A lot of greenhouse tomatoes are always a little more. They ripen with brushes of 5-6 pieces. In the maturity stage, they acquire a bright red color. Covered with a smooth, shiny skin. Near the stem there is no green spot and ribbing.
Tomatoes have many good properties:
- wonderful taste and aroma
- do not crack,
- carry transportation over long distances
- long stored.
They are rich in nutrients. Become an ideal basis for making juice.
Recommended way - rassadny. Seeds are sown in late March or early April. Preliminary, they and the ground can be disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate. Sowing depth –1.5 cm. Before germination, the container with the future tomatoes is rearranged to heat and covered with a film.
After the emergence of shoots capacitance with the ground rearranged to a well-lit place. Watered, loosened. Seated in separate pots of peat or paper after unfolding a pair of these leaves.
After about 50–60 days, the bushes are ready to be transplanted to the garden plot. Their height should be 15–20 cm. It is desirable that at least 6 leaves and 1 inflorescence form on the stem. Stable weather should be established on the street. Retreat the threat of night frost.
Seedlings are taken to the country in late May or early June. A week before this event, they begin to harden it - they take it out to fresh air for several hours. The recommended layout on the garden is 40 x 70 cm. When planting, do not forget about crop rotation. The land where related crops grew in the past season (potatoes, eggplants, peppers) can store pathogens. Bushes are better placed on the beds of cucumbers, onions, carrots, cabbage.
With proper care and favorable conditions, the plant will begin to bear fruit in early July. The last tomatoes can be removed from the bush in late August. Greenhouse tomatoes always bring more yield. Street does not grow so much.
Care of this variety can even beginner summer resident. The absence of the need to form a bush is a clear plus for all those who have little experience or time. Masking is optional. But allows you to shorten the growing season.
Care is reduced to the observance of simple rules:
- moderate watering early in the morning or after sunset, otherwise the plant will burn,
- loosening and weeding - prevention of pests and diseases
- mulching and airing the greenhouse protects against fungi.
Top-dressing with mineral and organic complexes stimulates growth and the appearance of ovaries.
How to apply fertilizer
The first dressing is carried out after picking. After transplantation in the soil fertilizers with nitrogen are applied - industrial preparations or organic matter (mullein, bird droppings). This is recommended only during the period of active formation of green mass. Then the excess content of this element will harm the plant. The trunk and leaves will be thick and strong. And the appearance of flowers and ovaries can never wait.
Phosphorus, superphosphate, potassium, wood ash well affect fruiting. They increase resistance to disease and cold. Root top dressings are recommended to be carried out with the following interval:
- the first time - 2 or 3 weeks after landing on the garden bed,
- the second - in a week,
- the third after 14 days,
- the fourth (last) - after another 6-10 days.
When fruiting begins at each root, you can make 5 liters of liquid fertilizer. To do this, mix the water, 1 tsp. nitrophos, half a teaspoon of sodium humate powder.
Description of tomato Superprize F1, reviews, photos
Early ripening (85-88 days from germination to fruiting), determinant, undersized tomato hybrid for outdoor and film shelters.
Medium leaf bush, height 50-70 cm in the exhaust gas, in the greenhouse up to 1.2 m. The leaf is of medium size, green. The inflorescence is simple. When grown in open ground, the plant can not stepchild.
author photo Love Myazina
Fruits are flat-rounded, aligned, at the stage of maturity of red, weighing up to 250 grams, good (for a hybrid) taste. Not prone to cracking, deadly and transportable. Ripening friendly. These tomatoes are great for selling fresh products on the market and processing them into tomato paste, juices, canning, and pickling.
Tomato Superprize is drought-resistant, heat-resistant, tolerates low air temperature. Resistant to vertex and root rot, TMV and leaf leaf blight.
Yield: up to 6 kg from 1 plant (in the presence of watering and fertilizing).
The hybrid was tested by the state in the Urals, Far Eastern and West Siberian regions.
In 2007 it was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
Originator: Myazina L.A.
If you grew tomatoes Superprize, write, please, what yield and fruit taste were in your climatic conditions. Did you like the taste of the fruit? If possible, attach a photo of the entire bush or individual fruits.
Your reviews and additions to the description will help many gardeners to evaluate this tomato objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.
Origin and some features
"F1 Super Prize" is an early ripe variety. From disembarkation of seedlings to technical ripeness takes 85-95 days. In 2007, the subspecies was included in the state register of the Russian Federation. Grade code: 9463472. The originator is Myazina L.A.. The variety passed state testing in the northern regions of the country. It was allowed to grow in Bashkortostan and Altai. Distributed in the Khabarovsk Territory. It is successfully grown in Kamchatka, Magadan, Sakhalin.
Suitable for early cultivation in greenhouses and open ground. Begin to sow the seeds should be in early March. After 50 days, seedlings are planted in the soil. A week before planting should begin to produce hardening of plants. Recommended landing scheme: 40x70. During intensive growth, the bushes are fed with complex or mineral fertilizers.
The soil should be loosened and thoroughly watered during the entire growing season of the bushes. Forming is carried out only in one stem. This procedure significantly increases the yield. Deterministic shrubs. The height reaches 50-60 cm. The subspecies does not require staking. It is a drought-resistant and heat-resistant subspecies. It tolerates cooling and long-term low temperatures.
Tomato "Superprize F1": description of the variety
The plant is medium. The leaves are dissected, weakly. Tackiness is high. The very first inflorescence forms over 5 or 6 leaves. Subsequent inflorescences appear after 1-2 leaves. Inflorescences are simple. Each forms up to 6 fruits.
The shape of the tomatoes is flat, dense, with smooth rounded edges. Have a smooth glossy surface. Unripe tomatoes have a light emerald hue, fully ripened fruits are bright red. There are no stains on the stalk. Number of cameras: 4-6. The flesh is tasty, fragrant, juicy. In weight, tomatoes "Superprize F1" reach 140-150 grams.
You can compare the weight of the fruit with other varieties below:
Tomatoes "Super Prize F1" is a determinant early ripe plant. Since the variety is a hybrid, it is highly resistant to various viruses and fungi.
The height of the bush does not exceed 50-60 cm.
From planting seedlings to fruit ripeness takes 85-95 days.
Varieties of tomatoes for open ground:
The plant is characterized by the average number of leaves on the bush. The fruit set is high. The inflorescences are simple, the first is formed over 5-6 leaf, and the next - every 1-2 leaves. On one inflorescence is about 6 tomatoes.
The main characteristics of the fruit:
- Flat shape
- Smooth rounded edges,
- Smooth surface,
- The ripe berry has a red color.
- The fruits ripen almost simultaneously,
- Sweet taste
- Weight 140-150 grams
- Fruits do not crack,
- The number of seed chambers varies from 4 to 6,
- Thin skin.
Tomatoes: merits, demerits and tastes
The main advantages of tomatoes "Superprize F1" are as follows:
- The rapid ripening of fruits
- High yield,
- Resistance to common diseases and pests,
- Good leanness
- High fruit set,
- Resistance to temperature changes
- Heat resistance
- Tomatoes tolerate transportation,
- Cold resistance
Application of fruits
Tomatoes "Superprize F1" have excellent taste. Fruits are used in food in fresh form, and also added to salads, soups and casseroles. In industrial processing, tomatoes are used as follows:
- Cooking tomato paste, ketchup, sauces,
- Juice making.
Sowing seed material
Preparatory work for planting seeds for seedlings should begin in early spring. In a container with soil, seeds are planted to a depth of about 1.5 cm. The container is covered with a film and put in a warm place. The temperature in the room where the future seedlings are located should not be below 21 ° C.
After the first sprouts appear, the containers should be put in a well-lit place.
Young plants are ready for planting approximately 50 days after sowing the seeds.
7 days before planting, hardening of seedlings should be started. Container with plants taken out to the fresh air first for 20 minutes, and then for the whole day. For an excellent crop of tomato, you should observe a 40 x 70 planting pattern.
The variety "Superprize F1" does not need to be shoved. Tomatoes are not afraid of temperature changes, resistant to cold and heat.
The plant is unpretentious and does not require special care. To get a good harvest you need to follow simple guidelines for growing tomatoes:
- Plants need moderate watering - once every 5-7 days,
- The beds should be weeded regularly from weeds,
- Fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers is required (about 4 times per season)
- For the prevention of diseases and pests need to regularly loosen the ground under the bushes.
Diseases and pests
The hybrid is very resistant to diseases characteristic of the nightshade family. The plant is not subject to such diseases as:
- Vertex rot,
- Bacterial leaf spot,
- Root rot,
For the prevention of late blight, it is recommended to use special chemicals.
Insect pests that can damage the plant:
For pest control, folk methods should be used, and in cases of severe damage to plantings - insecticides.
Tomatoes variety "Superprize F1" highly valued for good yield, unpretentiousness and excellent taste. Gardeners note the versatility of the fruit, due to which tomatoes can be used for harvesting for the winter. Fresh tomatoes can be stored for a long time without losing taste and nutritional properties.
What is Miracle Tomatoes?
TOMATO INDETERMINANT (without growth restriction) hybrid.
IMPORTANT: WHEN WORK, OBSERVE ALL MEASURES FOR DISINFECTION OF TARE (drawers, transplanting glasses and bowls), work in gloves. Gloved hands or wash periodically or wipe dez. wipes. Very often cases when the infection gets on the seeds because of insufficiently carefully processed containers. New tara my necessarily. We use tare B / W and soak for a day in a solution of DEO CHLOR 2 tablets per 10 liters of water, then rinse thoroughly.
TERM of sowing on seedlings from March 15 - 20 - March 30 - April 5, 45 -55 days (maximum 60 days) before planting the seedlings in the ground (greenhouses). The closer to the bright and warm spring days you sow the seeds, the higher is the solar activity. All phases of seedling development pass quickly. IMPORTANT ! The later you plant the seedlings, the faster and more actively it will grow. Seedlings sown from April 1 to 10 by the time of landing in the ground will be little different from seedlings sown on March 15 or earlier sowing. PRIMING. 35% of peat, 20% of purchased qualitative soil with fertilizers and microelements, 30% of garden soil steamed to T 60 ° not from under tomatoes, 10% of its own or purchased biohumus, 4% perlite, 1% vermiculite.
Sowing seeds. In the seedling tanks, at the bottom of which there is a drainage of charcoal of a small fraction, pour 5-7 cm of well-mixed seedling soil. Soil to level. At a distance of 3 centimeters from each other, make grooves with a depth of 1 cm. Moisten the soil with induced grooves from a spray gun with a weak solution of potassium humate with trace elements. In the grooves of the varieties lay out dry hybrid seeds of tomatoes, slightly pressing them into the ground with a fingertip or a toothpick at a distance of 2 - 2.5 cm from each other. Spray a little more time with Humate solution (humate + 7 or humate + iodine) from a spray bottle (stimulates and accelerates growth processes). Fill the top with a DRY primer with a layer of 0.5 cm. Compress the upper layer of the soil gently (press it against the main layer). Cover the seating containers with a film to create the greenhouse effect and put it into a WARM place with T 28 - 30 ° heat. Hybrid tomato seeds are more demanding to heat during germination, unlike varietal ones. If the temperature is not observed, the seeds may rot and will not germinate or germinate slowly and for a long time. When shoots appear, after 4 - 7, (maximum 10) days, remove the film and place the tomatoes under the round-the-clock illumination for 3-5 days. With the advent of shoots, the temperature for the first two or three days is reduced to plus 15–18 ° by day and 10–12 ° by night. This technique protects the seedlings from stretching and creates conditions for the best development of the root system. Light day for tomatoes set at least 14 - 16 hours a day under the backlight or on the light and warm, where there are no drafts, the windowsill. One week after germination, the temperature regime is changed to plus 20 -25 ° in the daytime and 12 to 15 ° at night. After 2 weeks from germination, seedlings dive in individual seedlings.
PICTURE of hybrid tomato. In a glass (package) 400ml with drainage holes on the bottom pour a drainage layer of fine charcoal with a layer of 2 cm. You can grind coal for barbecue, which is sold in all stores.Pour on the bottom of the seedling cup a 100% BOROPHOSKA BEAT NON-60 tsp. It is phosphorus, boron and potassium that will participate in the tab of the first brush. Fill the seedling glass with soil until half. A teaspoon to remove the seedling from the school and transfer it to the seedling glass. The roots are completely covered with soil, carefully compressing the soil to prevent the formation of air pockets without soil. Pour the soil with a weak solution of calcium nitrate ½ tsp to 1 liter of warm water. Top fill the ground and do not water. Rassadnye containers put in pallets and placed under the backlight. The next watering after the picking is carried out in 5 days until the earthen coma is completely wetted. Further watering is carried out only after the earth coma is completely dry. If the plants slightly fade, it is recommended to spray them with a weak solution of potassium humate or a weak solution (1/3 of the recommended dose) with a full-fledged mineral complex for tomato seedlings, but do not water until the ground clod is completely dry.
During the growth of seedlings, it is recommended to spray it 1 - 3 times on a sheet of calcium nitrate, normally 1 tsp. Per 1 liter of warm water. With the advent of shoots, the temperature for the first two or three days is reduced to plus 15–18 ° by day and 10–12 ° by night. This technique protects the seedlings from stretching and creates conditions for the best development of the root system. Light day for tomatoes set at least 14 - 16 hours a day under the backlight or on the light and warm, where there are no drafts, the windowsill. Before planting, our seedlings must be ZAKALYAT. To do this, for several hours you need to reduce daytime temperatures to + 13 ° - + 15 °, nighttime to + 6 ° - + 8 ° degrees. After 50 - 60 days, our seedlings are ready to land on a PERMANENT PLACE OF RESIDENCE.
AGROTECHNIKA planting a hybrid INTERTERMINANT tomato for permanent residence. Preparing the beds. In the spring, mineral fertilizers are applied to the ground at the place of planting hybrid tomatoes. From the calculation: ON 1 SQ.M: - make: 60 g of superphosphate, 60 g of potassium SULPHATE and 40 g of AMMONIUM SULPHATE (as a part of which sulfur + nitrogen, sulfur protects against ticks and diseases). Fertilizers are loosened with soil. IMPORTANT. It is possible to MAKE planting tomatoes in the ground, provided that the temperature of the SOIL in ridges is higher plus 12-14 degrees.
1. It is necessary to prepare the landing grooves, it is more convenient than preparing each well individually. We prepare furrows with a width of 20 -25 centimeters and a depth of 15 to 20 cm. If you plant several lines and you have wide beds, then the distance between the landing grooves must be at least 70 cm.
2. 2 -3 days before planting along the entire length of the planting grooves, we introduce nitrogen-free fertilizer BOROPHOSK (long-acting fertilizer slowly dissolves all summer under the influence of soil acids and soil-friendly microorganisms) at the rate of 2 spoons per meter of groove and mixed with the ground.
3. We shed the grooves with the solution of Trichodermin VERIDE or BAIKAL solution or FITOSPORIN solution.
4. IMPORTANT. Trichodermin + Baikal = a combined complex. PHYTOSPORIN + BAIKAL = combined complex.
5. DO NOT recommend combining phytosporin and Trichodermina Veride on the same site.
After the passage of the grooves, cover them with handy material for 2-3 days before disembarking, to preserve moisture. When disembarking in the planting wells, 20-30 cm deep, 2 tablespoons of Borofoski are added to each well, mixed with the ground and shed with Trichodermine + Baikal solution or Fitosporin + Baikal solution. Then the wells also cover from the evaporation of moisture. The landing is best done on a cloudy day. Before planting, tomatoes are not recommended to water for 2-3 days. BEFORE the very landing, the grooves (wells) are plentifully shed with warm water, taking into account that the next watering will be only in 10 days. In the planting grooves lay out the seedlings of indeterminate tomatoes at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other.
Carefully remove each seedling from a seedling cup. The roots are laid in the groove on the SOUTH, the crown on the NORTH, preferably at an angle of 45 °, the roots should be located slightly below the crown. Part of the excavated land is used for backfilling tomato roots. Soil to the roots pressed very carefully. Avoiding the formation of air spaces. Once again watered on the soil of the watering can through the nozzle "shower" with a solution of calcium nitrate at the rate of 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of warm water. Poured tomatoes watered remaining dry ground. Top no longer watered. Visually, it looks like tomatoes are planted in DRY land. Usually with the next sunrise, the tomatoes already raise their heads and take a horizontal position.
Agrotechnika care hybrid indeterminant Tomato in the ground (greenhouse). The first watering of the hybrid tomato after feeding on the ground is carried out exactly 10 days after the landing. To do this, fertilizer SULFATE AMMONIUM, which contains sulfur, as a preventive measure for diseases and nitrogen as a source of building material for building new plant cells, dilute 1 - 2 tablespoons in 10 liters of water and water the plants NEXT to the groove around the perimeter of the bed. At the rate of 2 - 4 liters per plant. The amount of watering depends on the air temperature. The hotter it is outside, the greater the consumption of the solution during watering is 4 liters.
10 days after planting, the tomato is fully rooted in the soil and the growth of the root system and the aerial part begins. TOMAT needs to be tied up in 10 days after disembarkation in a ridge. 10 days after disembarkation proceed to the formation of the plant. To obtain the largest fruits, the indeterminate tomato is formed strictly ONE STEM, all growing stepchildren are removed. Tomato seedling is a vegetative (daughter) process that grows on a tomato stem from the attachment point of a leaf of a tomato to a tomato stem. The butchers break out early in the morning, when their length reaches 5 cm. From these 5 cm they break off 2 cm, and the stump is 3 cm long, remains on the tomato stem. This action is called “break the stepson into a stump” or pasynkovanie on a stump. The left stump does not allow the new stepson to grow out of this sinus for a long time. With the correct nutrition of tomato and its development will be correct. Indeterminate tomato forms 3-4 leaves and flower brush within ONE week. (all Indians have floral brushes going through 3 leaves). IMPORTANT! With proper dressings, after the appearance of color on 4-5 brushes, the full brush ovary already forms on the first brush.
The tomato plant is already large. Part of the nutrition made with the first irrigation of food and nutrition from the soil, it has already evaporated through the leaf apparatus. Since the volume of soil from which food can be taken is LIMITED, we will FEED our hybrid tomatoes ourselves to get a rich harvest of tasty and sweet fruits.
AGRO-TECHNICAL TECHNIQUE OF SUPPLY AND POLISHY INDIVIDUAL TOMATO. It is considered that any vegetable has three periods of development. Period - START (seedling period), period - DEVELOPMENT (growth and formation) and period Final (ripening and harvesting). I would like to add one more period, conditional, because during this period we don’t feed or water. The period of STORAGE of vegetables, (both tomatoes and others), how vegetables will behave in this period, how long it will last without loss of commercial quality, directly depends on how correctly the vegetables passed the three previous periods. DEVELOPMENT goes along the ascending line upwards, which means that the power must go on ascending. In a HYBRID tomato, each brush should be fed with a full mineral nutrition. This means that the hybrid tomato should be fed once a week, unlike the varietal tomato, which needs food every 10-14 days. Many people are frightened by the phrase Calitra Calcium, and this is just a source of calcium for our plants. Calcium - an important component (component) in the skeletal structure of each plant cell, strengthens the walls of plant cells. Strong cell walls of any plant, minimize the appearance of diseases and attacks of pests on the plant. The ratio of calcium and potassium in the fruit should be 1: 4, which means that one potassium supplement requires 3 potassium. How to make food? The speed of delivery of food to each cell of the plant directly depends on the method of making food. The highest speed of delivery and the most complete assimilation of food is the option POWER ON THE SHEET. We stayed with ammonium sulfate fertilizer and left behind the START period. We proceed to the developmental stage and the first feeding at the DEVELOPMENT stage, we will have a calcium one per leaf. We look at a dosage on a pack with nitrate, for sheet top-dressings.
Calcium is absorbed 2.5 - 3 days. We do not feed anything these days, if a tomato requires watering, pour it with clean water. 3 days after calcium we feed (KONIUM MONOPHOSPHATE) with phosphorus + potassium to fully form the buds of the hand. This is both phosphate and potassium fertilizer. Enough ½ - 1 (without slides) teaspoon per 10 liters of water and sprinkle tomatoes and other vegetables and bushes. We work with fertilizer KONIUM MONOPHOSPHATE per sheet. This is a nitrogen-free fertilizer and if you have dried up the soil under the tomatoes, you can apply organic fertilizer with mullein with irrigation in the ratio of mullein 1 liter + water 20 liters, 2-3 liters under each bush. IMPORTANT! In this embodiment, the combination of liquid nitrogen fertilizing under the root + phosphorus-potassium on the sheet, nitrogen will not push the tomato to fattening, but will be fully used by the plant to build new cells and most importantly, nitrogen in combination with phosphorus will not pass into the nitrate form. This means that your fruits will not accumulate excess nitrates. Phosphorus will not allow them to do this. In 3-4 days, during which nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are assimilated, we give additional fertilizing with the drug MAGBOR, this is a boromagnesium complex. It is necessary for all the buds to become the ovary and the ovary to fully develop. That is, we do not allow the fall of color and drying of the ovary. Drug consumption is minimal, the benefits are enormous. It is enough to dissolve ½ tsp in 10 liters of water with slightly acidified whey or citric acid who do not have whey, and spray our plants. All plants in the garden can be sprayed with food, which we prepare for tomatoes. In 3-4 days we feed with a complete nutritional complex with microelements. You can take any complex, the main thing is that it contains a full complex of trace elements. Such properties are possessed by: Health Aqua, Agricola, Vegetable Fertilizer Luxury, Ideal, Bio Gum Aqua. Amino acids are rich in whey. If you are preparing any nutrient mineral or organo-mineral solution for irrigation or spraying, add just 200 ml of serum to 10 liters of water, thereby increasing the effect and benefit of using nutrition.
After feeding with a full-fledged complex fertilizer, after 4 -5 days, we give a KALIY fertilizer according to the leaf or under the root. Fertilizers such as: potassium nitrate, KALIUM KALIUM KALIK, KALIUM HUMATE, KALIMAG can be used for this feeding. The rates of consumption of the drug for root and foliar dressing CAREFULLY read the instructions for the drug .. and take half as much. You already know that if you slightly acidify the water, then this half is enough for you. These feedings in the amount of 5 main feedings we have already fed 2-3 brushes. Next, you need to start working again on the scheme of fertilizing, starting again with the feeding of calcium nitrate. So we work until the FINAL period. The ending means that we will no longer force our tomato to form new buds, since we no longer need a new ovary. At the final stage, we completely exclude PHOSPHORUS and BOROMAGNIEYEVOYU as independent fertilizing. We replace them with additional nutrition with complete nutritional complexes. For 10 -15 days before the last removal of our tomatoes, both red and green, which will go to storage and ripening, you need to make TWO last and very important feeding. Calcium nitrate, so that our fruits retain density during storage and do not wrinkle. After 3 days, KALIA HUMATE or HUMATE + 7 or HUMATE + IODINE and only on a sheet. We no longer water the tomatoes. Watering is stopped 20 days before the end of the season. Calcium top dressing will keep the shape of our fruits at storage perfect. Top dressing with humate will protect our fruits from diseases and decay during storage. Will make our plants sweet and tasty.
TOMAT DETERMINANT hybrid with growth restriction ("self-completing") AGROTECHNIKA seedling growing.
TERM of sowing on seedlings: from 1 - 15 to 15 April for 40 -35 days (maximum 45 days) before planting seedlings in the ground. The closer to the bright and warm spring days you sow the seeds, the higher is the solar activity. All phases of seedling development pass quickly. IMPORTANT! The later you plant the seedlings, the faster and more actively it will grow. As a rule, we prepare determinate varieties for planting in open ground, and it is not advisable to sow them early on seedlings. Otherwise, if the weather let you down, the seedlings simply outgrow and lose their quality.
PRIMING. 35% of peat, 20% of purchased qualitative soil with fertilizers and microelements, 30% of garden soil steamed to T 60 ° not from under tomatoes, 10% of its own or purchased biohumus, 4% perlite, 1% vermiculite. In the soil, prepared independently with the addition of not more than 20% of purchased, hybrids grow better, as well as not hybrids. Sowing seeds. In the seedling tanks, at the bottom of which there is a drainage of charcoal of a small fraction, pour 5-7 cm of well-mixed seedling soil. Soil to level. At a distance of 3 centimeters from each other, make grooves with a depth of 1 cm. Moisten the soil with induced grooves from a spray gun with a weak solution of potassium humate with trace elements. In the grooves of the varieties lay out dry hybrid seeds of tomatoes, slightly pressing them into the ground with a fingertip or a toothpick at a distance of 2 - 2.5 cm from each other. Spray a little more time with Humate solution (humate + 7 or humate + iodine) from a spray bottle (stimulates and accelerates growth processes). Fill the top with a DRY primer with a layer of 0.5 cm. Compress the upper layer of the soil gently (press it against the main layer).
Cover the seating containers with a film to create the greenhouse effect and put it into a WARM place with T 28 - 30 ° heat. Hybrid tomato seeds are more demanding to heat during germination, unlike varietal ones. If the temperature is not observed, the seeds may rot and will not germinate or germinate slowly and for a long time. When shoots appear, after 4 - 7 days, remove the film and place the tomatoes under the round-the-clock illumination for 3-5 days. With the advent of shoots, the temperature for the first two or three days is reduced to plus 15–18 ° by day and 10–12 ° by night. This technique protects the seedlings from stretching and creates conditions for the best development of the root system. Light day for tomatoes set at least 14 - 16 hours a day under the backlight or on the light and warm, where there are no drafts, the windowsill. One week after germination, the temperature regime is changed to plus 20 -25 ° in the daytime and 12 to 15 ° at night. After 2 weeks from germination, seedlings dive in individual seedlings.
PICTURE of hybrid tomato. In a glass (package) of 400 ml with drainage holes in the bottom pour a drainage layer of fine charcoal with a layer of 2 cm. You can grind coal for barbecue, which is sold in all stores. Pour on the bottom of the seedling cup a 100% BOROPHOSKA BEAT NON-60 tsp. It is phosphorus, boron and potassium that will participate in the tab of the first brush. Fill the seedling glass with soil until half. A teaspoon to remove the seedling from the school and transfer it to the seedling glass. The roots are completely covered with soil, carefully compressing the soil to prevent the formation of air pockets without soil. Pour the soil with a weak solution of calcium nitrate ½ tsp to 1 liter of warm water. Top fill the ground and do not water.Rassadnye containers put in pallets and placed under the backlight. The next watering after the picking is carried out in 5 days until the earthen coma is completely wetted. Further watering is carried out only after the earth coma is completely dry. If plants slightly fade, it is recommended to spray them with a weak solution of potassium humate or a weak solution (1/3 of the recommended dose) with a full-fledged mineral complex for tomato seedlings, but do not water until the ground clod is completely dry. During the growth of seedlings of DETERMINATE tomato, it is recommended to spray it once on a leaf of calcium nitrate, normally 1 tsp per 1 liter of warm water. Before planting, our seedlings must be ZAKALYAT. To do this, for several hours you need to reduce daytime temperatures to + 13 ° - + 15 °, nighttime to + 6 ° - + 8 ° degrees. After 35 -45 days seedlings DETERMINANT tomato can be planted for permanent residence. It is necessary to take into account the soil T in the ridges, it should be higher than + 12 °, as well as the probability of return frosts. Therefore, the dates of disembarkation in the regions are individual. Someone is May 10th, someone is only 10th of June.
QUICK WAY OF obtaining high-quality seedlings of DETERMINATIVE tomato without PICKING. Fill the disinfected boxes with soil, soil height 10 cm. Make rows at a distance of 10 cm from each other, moisten the soil with a spray gun with a solution of any HUMATA. Spread the seeds in rows at a distance of 10 cm from each other. Once again, spray slightly with HUMAT. Cover the boxes with foil and put them on the glazed loggia or in the greenhouse. From above, make a cover of non-woven covering material. At emergence of shoots a film to remove. Seedlings for protection from night frosts and daytime bright sun leave under the covering. IN NO EVENT, DO NOT USE POLYETHYLENE FILM AS a covering material for the day. In case of frosts, it is recommended to cover the film over the covering nonwoven fabric overnight. Top dressing and watering in the same mode as in the version with a pick. When the planned landing on the street from 1 to 10 June, sowing in this way can be carried out in the period from 20 to 25 April. IMPORTANT: Sowing of seeds of a DETERMINANOUS hybrid tomato is always done, based on the timing of the intended planting for permanent residence.
AGROTECHNIKA planting a hybrid DETERMINANT tomato for permanent residence. Preparation of planting furrows or holes is the same as the INDEREMINANT tomato. Agrotechnics of planting a determinant tomato directly depends on what determinant tomato you have.
IMPORTANT: WHICH DETERMINANT TOMATOES ARE:
Super Determinant Tomatoes (the shortest are 25-40 cm). Superdeterminant tomatoes form a low compact shrub with 2-3 buds on the main and side shoots. For the development of the vegetative part of the plant does not take much time, the ovary begins to form early, so these tomatoes are the most ripening, give the harvest together. Fruit size 30 -50 grams. The height of such bushes is usually 25 - 40 cm. The ripening of ultra-ripe tomatoes lasts 80-85 days (the earliest -75-79 days).
Super determinant tomatoes are tomatoes with small and not very sweet fruits. The low sugar content in the pulp is due to the fact that these tomatoes grow in conditions of short daylight hours and even on cold nights. SUPPORT for such children is not set, the bush itself perfectly keeps. Such children are NOT PASSY. They can be used as decoration of beds and borders. Such tomatoes are ideal for those who want to get a harvest quickly and without any hassle. Planted them at a distance of 30 -35 cm from each other in a row and 45 - 50 cm between the rows.
Determinant Tomatoes - from 40 cm to 100 cm. The growth of these tomatoes is limited to 4-6 brushes. The bush of a plant of this grade will be slightly larger in size than that of superdeterminant tomatoes. The second wave of flowering in them begins with the formation of fruits on the first ovaries. Fruits ripen in tomatoes of this group 5-7 days later than superdeterminant ones - they are middle-ripe tomatoes. Their yield and duration of fruiting are higher than those of the early varieties. Before planting in the planting holes or furrows, it is recommended to immediately put a support, to which the plant will be tied in the future. These tomatoes already need to be staved. How to pinch them? It is necessary to remove all stepchildren and leaves before the first fetal brush. Above the fetal hand, all stepchildren, like those of the Indians, are not removed, but regulate their number. In addition to the main trunk, it is recommended to leave another 2-3 of the strongest stepsons, it is on them that the main crop of tomatoes will be formed. It is recommended to plant them for uniform illumination and ventilation with a bush, at a distance of at least 40 cm in a row from each other and a distance between rows of at least 60 -70 cm from the row.
Standard tomatoes are determinant tomatoes. STRAIGHT deterministic hybrid tomatoes form a bush on a thick short stalk, and they do not need to stick and form a bush. The leaves are close to each other, the distance between the ovaries is compact. Such tomatoes always give a good harvest. The concept of a standard one means that the crown of plants is very spreading and is literally hung with fruits, on short and strong thick peduncles. And they need to be planted very widely from each other, at a distance of at least 1 meter between the plants themselves and 1.2–1.5 s between the rows, since the area of nutrition required for each bush is about 0.5–0.7 square meters. m for each plant. The whole feed regimen during growth and development is the same as for INNTHRMINATE hybrid tomatoes.
AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY Semi-determinant tomatoes are the same as the Indians. The only difference is in one. Semi-great fruit, if they are in the TWO stem. Semideterminant - these are tall tomatoes up to 2 meters or more. Their inflorescences are laid every 2-3 leaves, more often after 2 leaves Fruits ripen harmoniously and evenly during the entire growing season. Their internodes are shorter than that of INDETS, the distances between the leaves and the ovaries are shorter.
HYBRID Beef Tomatoes, these are tomatoes with large fruits. Plants powerful 80 - 120 cm high. The scheme of disembarkation, as well as standard tomatoes. The root system of bif tomatoes is very powerful and spreading. Top dressing according to the scheme of hybrid tomatoes in Indians. The peculiarity of tomato beef is that the amount of the ovary in the hands needs to be ADJUSTED. In total, 3-4 fruits should be left in the hand; pinch off the other flowers. Then your BIF tomato will be really big.
Briefly about the plant and its fruits
Characteristics and description of the variety of tomatoes Superpriz following:
- The tomato gives the first fruits in 84-96 days after planting the seedlings. If you adhere to all the recommendations of breeders, the plant can give a harvest for 2-3 days before the deadline.
- Tomato bushes rise in height by 0.5-0.6 m. Therefore, it is not necessary to install supports under the branches or to remove stepchildren.
- The average number of leaves grows on the trunk. They have a little corrugated surface.
- One of the advantages of the Super Prize is the development of a large number of ovaries on the inflorescences.
- The shape of a tomato is flat, the surface gives a gloss. Unripe fruits are painted in light colors of emerald green, and ripe berries are red.
- There are no spots at the stem, seed cells from 4 to 6. The first inflorescences develop over 5 or 6 leaves, and the rest grow every 1-2 leaves. Each inflorescence gives up to 5-6 fruits.
- Superprize berries weigh from 0.14 to 0.15 kg each. Their flesh is fleshy, and they ripen almost simultaneously.
Reviews of gardeners show that the yield of the described plant is from 1 m² of beds to 12 kg when placing bushes in a greenhouse, on open ground - up to 8-9 kg.
Super prize tolerates bad weather conditions. Farmers note the ability of the plant to resist various diseases of solanaceous crops (tobacco mosaic virus, root and top rottenness, etc.). The tomato withstands attacks of garden pests.
In Russia, it is recommended to grow the described variety in the Altai and Khabarovsk Territories. It is bred by gardeners of Kamchatka, Bashkortostan, Sakhalin, the Magadan region. Gardeners should know that the plant loves heat and light, so it is best to grow it in greenhouses.
Use fresh Superprize, make various salads from it. This variety is suitable for canning for the winter, the production of various pastes, ketchups, juices and sauces.
How to grow a tomato in the garden?
Seeds are recommended to be planted in the ground in the first decade of March. When 2-3 leaves appear on the sprouts, the plants dive. It is necessary to feed the young stems with organic fertilizers, for example, peat or manure. After the seedlings will be 45-50 days, they must be transferred to a permanent ground. Before that, the shoots are hardened for 6-8 days.
The scheme of planting bushes - 0.4x0.7 m. The formation of plants is carried out in 1 stem. Feed the fertilizer tomato 3 times. First, fertilizer is made with nitrogen and organic fertilizers. After the bushes begin to grow rapidly, and the first inflorescences appear on them, they are supplemented with potash compounds. When the first fruits appear, the tomatoes are fed with superphosphate.
You need to know that the hybrid belongs to the group of drought-resistant species that can withstand extreme heat. At the same time, the Super Prize may suffer a sudden change in ambient temperature, for example, unexpected frosts.
Watering the bushes in this class is recommended with well-settled warm water. This procedure is carried out in the evening or early morning. If the weather is hot, the bushes do not need to be watered, otherwise their roots will rot.
Although the plant is well resistant to disease, for prevention it is necessary to spray tomato bushes with drugs that eliminate the symptoms of fungal or microbial damage.
For the Superprize, insects such as the Colorado beetles are dangerous. If this pest has appeared on the beds, it is recommended to destroy it with chemical poisonous substances or folk methods. The root system of the described tomato is sometimes attacked by slugs and other parasites. To eliminate them, it is necessary to treat the soil under bushes with ash flour.
General description of the variety
Tomatoes variety Superprize give a good harvest in greenhouse conditions and in the open field. The choice in favor of the landing site should be made based on the climatic features of the region.
- early, the maximum period of ripening fruit is 85 days,
- undersized, in the open ground the height of the bush does not exceed 70 cm, in greenhouse conditions - 1.2 m,
- high yield, the maximum number of berries from one bush per summer season - 6 kg,
- average foliage of the bush,
- simple inflorescence,
- resistant to most diseases of the nightshade family
- high tackiness,
- appearance of the first inflorescence over 5 or 6 leaves,
- it is steady in sharp differences of temperatures,
- cold resistance
- heat resistance
- good transportability,
- possibility of long-term storage.
The advantage of the variety is versatility. Tomatoes can be safely grown in places with cool summers and poor soils. They were tested in Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan and Sakhalin.
IMPORTANT! The variety has successfully passed zoning throughout the Russian Federation.
General characteristics of the fruit:
- flat-round shape,
- the color of the ripe berry is red,
- maximum fruit weight does not exceed 250 grams,
- ripen almost simultaneously
- number of cameras from 4 to 6,
- up to 6 fruits in one inflorescence,
- thin skin,
- sweet to the taste
- juicy, fragrant.
Tomato yield in greenhouse conditions is higher than in open ground, at least 50%.
Ripe berries have good taste and are used for canning and cooking pasta. Fresh tomatoes are an excellent ingredient for vegetable salad. Often, the berry is used as a basis for making juices.
Seedling preparation and planting
Hybrid tomatoes of a grade of a tomato the Superprize prefer planting in the rassadny way. It is recommended to start preparatory work in early spring according to the recommendations:
- sowing depth 1.5 cm
- until the germ of the seedling container is covered with a film,
- it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the room with seedlings not lower than 21 degrees,
- after the appearance of the first shoots, place the containers with seedlings in a well-lit place, if necessary, purchase an additional light source,
- it is necessary to carry out regular watering and loosening.
Seedlings are ready for planting, on average, 50 days after planting. 7-10 days before the estimated date of planting should be hardening tomatoes. Containers with seedlings carried out on the street, left in the fresh air, starting from 20 minutes and up to the whole day. To obtain a good harvest, you should follow the planting pattern - 40 x 70. When forming tomatoes in 1 stem, the best crop is achieved.
The plant is distinguished by unpretentiousness and does not require close attention. Caring for tomatoes consists of several mandatory activities:
- moderate watering, once every five days,
- periodic loosening in order to prevent pests and diseases,
- regular weeding,
- fertilizer complex fertilizer, depending on the fertility of the soil - at least 4 times.
Experienced growers recommend watering the bushes only with warm water in the evening or in the morning. Watering a tomato in the middle of a sunny day can cause a burn.